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Poker stats basics, HUD statistics and using Equilab

It is time to get little geek and technical here.  So what are stats and what does HUD stands for ?
Stats are statistic of all the players you are playing against online. They are collected with dedicated software and displayed on the table to give you information. Way they are displayed on the table is called HUD (Heads Up Display). Most of the top professionals nowadays are using HUD. There are few companies that make the similar software with al the statistics that help you gain more information about you opponent. Two most popular and widespread software are “Holdem Manager” and “Poker Tracker“. They are both made by a different companies and have subtle differences but you can find all the most important statistics in both of them and in many other similar programs.


HUD from Holdem Manager
HUD stats from Holdem Manager


Do I need HUD ?

Ok so there are a ton of numbers next to the players but what does all that mean ? Do I need all that ? This is my personal HUD that I made to meet my personal needs and preferences. Maybe you don’t need all that, and maybe you need more. Maybe you do not need HUD at all! Some famous and very successful players played without the HUD and made tons of money.

Famous online grinder Samoleus did not use the HUD, but he is not playing online for almost 10 years now. Patrick Antonius Finnish poker super star is one of the biggest all time online winners. He did not use HUD also but did not have many success online for years. He mostly switched to live cash games and tournaments with great results. One of the most famous online grinders Randy Lew “Nanonoko” also played without stats but he retired few years ago.



Nanonoko playing 24 tables on PokerStars without HUD
Nanonoko playing 24 tables on PokerStars


Game evolved a lot. Many players improved. It is tougher than ever so every little edge you can gain you should go for it. So can you win a live poker game without using poker tells ? Maybe if all your other poker skills are top notch but why not gain that extra edge by learning body language and poker tells ? Same goes for using HUD and online play.


First most basic and most important stat is VPIP (voluntary put money into pot). So when you are in big blind and there is no raise and you decide to check that will not count in your VPIP. Any other time you decide to limp,call or raise that goes in VPIP stat. So player who is playing every hand has a VPIP 100%. Hope that makes some sense. But what if player has VPIP of 25 or 12 ? How can you make some useful information out of that ? Some basic common sense will lead you to conclusion that first player is playing more than twice as much hands as player two but what exact hands he is playing ?

It is very easy to determinate what hands are in for example 12% of hands. For that you need a very simple software developed by guys from PokerStrategy called “Equilab” and you can download it for free from here.



So what is this software used for ? Equilab is used to calculate your equity ( statistical chance of wining a hand). So you can put in 2 different hands and calculate you equity. And you can also put your hand against range of hands. Range is a term used to describe group of possible hands. When you progress in your poker thinking you will always think in ranges. Rarely in exact hands. For example you know your opponent is a tight player. And he reraise you. Can you say he has two kings or two queens or AK ? NO! You can not. You can put him on a range not on specific hand  for example : AA,KK,QQ,AK. So these 4 hands are his range in that situation. And lets say you have TT in that situation. So what is your chance of wining in that example ?


Equity calculaton in Equilab
Equity calculaton in Equilab


So by putting these hands in the software we can see that TT vs this range has 36% change of winning.
Ok now that we understand what is range and how is this software used lets get back to to VPIP and determining what hands is our opponent holding. In our previous example we have a player with VPIP 12. So if you just click on the first icon to pick range and put in 12 we can see what exact hands are mathematically 12% of all hands

Do not blindly use default Equilab range

So these are hands our opponent is playing. Can we be certain he is playing these exact hands ? No because equilab gave us 12% of strongest hands. Maybe for example our opponent does not like playing AJ and instead of that hand he has QJ or some other one that will still be 12%. So we can not be 100% certain but it give us some idea and some very useful information. The same way we can determine what is 25% or any other VPIP or other stats.


Equilab 12% of hands
Equilab with range 12% of hands



So stats, Hud, Equilab and statistics are one big part of poker. This is a big area for improvement and learning. Since this is just a basic article with some basic principles I did not dig deeper into the stats and i mentioned only VPIP for now to make it suitable for beginners. In a future articles I will try to cover all the important stats and ways to use them to gather information. For now I would suggest to get a holdem manager, poker tracker or other software and add hud to your tables. Start paying attention to your opponents vpip and how involved they are. Download equilab and play with different vpip ranges and try to memorize what hands are  in which range.
Also check my live play video for more instructions here.

Good luck 😉


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